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In Reply to: Re: bisol liquid (neomycin sulfate) cocci prevention? posted by Helene on November 08, 2001 at 16:09:28:
It is confusing isn't it? From what I know about bacteria and various diseases, I know that the coliform bacteria are the ones to watch out for - humans as well because they can be passed to humans, i.e. ecoli.
But I think what has happened here is that names and definitions have been changed over the years as research has been done - specific to goats and not just animals in general. Where I am confused myself is why they changed the name from Bacterial Enteritis to colibacillosis.
It's basically the same thing - does the same thing - inflammation of the intestines that causes diarrhea the way I read it. This being the case, it is likely that this is a common problem among goats - it largely depends upon their immune systems ability to keep the levels of coliform bacteria in check (much in the same way the immune system keeps the level of coccidiosis oocysts in check).
One difference that I see between coccidiosis and colibacillosis is that one is species specific while the other is not. An animal such as a chicken or sheep cannot pass coccidiosis to a goat (and vice versa) whereas they could transmit coliform bacteria amongst one another.
Whenever I think of coliform bacteria, I think of sewers, cesspools and such because I had heard somewhere that you will find high levels of coliform bacteria in fecal matter and such.
Hope this clears up some confusion. Perhaps one of the others can explain it better. Oh, one thing I was thinking about the National Goat Handbook that has all the definitions and such: while I am very appreciative to have that as a resource many of us can turn to, I am thinking that it is beginning to become outdated. I'm not sure how often it has been updated (if at all), but written nearly ten years ago, ALOT of research has been done between then and now. Also, at times it can be rather difficult to follow. I'm going to try and find some more information about colibacillosis and such to add to the GoatWorld Articles.
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