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WHAT TO DO WITH UNWANTED BUCK KIDS
PART 2 - HOW TO CASTRATE?
By: Jackie Nix
In last issue I spoke of the reasons for performing castration. Now I will discuss the methods of castration available to goat owners. First, what is castration? Castration is the process by which the testes, epididymides and a portion of each spermatic cord are removed from a buck thereby making him a wether. This removal may be immediate as with the knife method, or may take several weeks as with the emasculatome or elastrator methods. Castration should take place at the youngest age possible since the stress of castration can adversely affect growth in older animals and the chances of complications increase. Buck kids can be castrated as soon as the testicles descend into the scrotum (this can be from a few days of age to a week or more). Castration may be performed by one of three methods - the knife method, emasculatome method or elastrator method.
2. Push the testes up out of the way and cut off the lower 1/3 of the scrotum with a cut parallel to the ground. The testes should now be visible.
3. Using your fingers, grasp one of the testis and pull downward. The testes are slick and difficult to hold onto, so grasp firmly. Do not to allow the testis or spermatic cord go back up into the scrotum once you have touched it as this will increase chances of infection.
4. If a segment of the spermatic cord is protruding below the cut scrotum, it must be removed. If left exposed, it will act as a wick to pull bacteria into the body cavity and cause infection. Pull it free or abrade it with the knife.
5. Apply antiseptic to the castration site and administer an injection of tetanus antitoxin.
2. Have an assistant hold the kid as described above.
3. Wash the upper portion of the scrotum (near to where it attaches to the body) and disinfect.
4. Grasp the scrotum in one hand and manipulate until you have the testes down into the scrotum and the spermatic cord between your fingers. Place the jaws of the emasculatome onto the upper scrotum, just below the rudimentary teats. Position the jaws so that about two-thirds of the scrotum is crushed when the jaws are closed. Leave the instrument closed for 15 to 20 seconds. Open the jaws and move the instrument about 1/2 inch lower and crush the other side of the scrotum.
Even though this is supposed to be a bloodless method, it is possible to break skin with the corners of the emasculatome. Examine each kid carefully after castration. If the skin is broken, apply an antiseptic and give the kid an injection of tetanus antitoxin.
2. Place a rubber ring on the prongs of the elastrator. Turn the elastrator so that the prongs face the kid's body. Expand the ring by squeezing the elastrator and place over the scrotum and testes. Position it as close to the kid's body as possible without interfering with the rudimentary teats.
3. Manipulate the scrotum until you are certain that both testes are descended below the ring.
4. Press the trigger lever, displacing the ring from the prongs, thereby positioning the ring. Note: Be sure that both testes are below the ring! If they are not, cut the ring and start over.
5. Administer an injection of tetanus antitoxin. Even though this is a bloodless procedure, the tetanus organism can gain entry through the irritated tissue around the rubber ring.
About the author: Jackie Nix was an Agricultural Extension Agent with the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service who now works for SweetLix.|
The following sources are cited for this article:
Handbook of Livestock Management Techniques. R.A. Battablia & V.B. Mayrose. Macmillan Publishing Company. 1981. p. 442-446.
Sheep & Goat Science 5th Edition. M.E. Ensminger & R.O. Parker. The Interstate. 1986. p. 275- 276.
Your Goats: A Kid's Guide to Raising and Showing. G. Damerow. Storey Communications, Inc. 1995. p. 80-81.
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