1) A small tight cupboard hung on an inside wall of the goat barn
makes an ideal location for storage of a few instruments, emergency
medication, routine medication and first aid supplies. The cupboard
should be placed high enough to be beyond the reach of small children
and it should have good latches to keep it securely closed.
2) The purpose of a medicine cupboard or cabinet should not be for
''do it yourself'' veterinary medicine. Rather, it should be used with
your veterinarian's approval and counsel to do routine things and
emergency things in his absence.
3) Talk over the following list of requirements with your veterinarian
and resolve to keep your herd in top health condition. Experience with
the medical problems peculiar to your herd will help both of you to be
better prepared to do the best possible job of disease prevention and
emergency medical care.
4) Necessary supplies stored in your cabinet should include:
A fifteen inch piece of 3/4 inch diameter pipe which can be used as
a speculum for giving medication by mouth.
A four foot long section of 1/2 inch rubber or plastic tubing for
use as a stomach tube. This can be passed through the 3/4 inch pipe
which is held in the mouth as far back as the rear molars. The
stomach tube can be gently passed beyond it as the animal swallows. The
speculum is a good means of holding the head steadily in a natural
A small funnel can be used for pouring the medication into the tube.
A good hoof shear for trimming feet (a Burdizzo hoof shear) should
be hung on the wall or inside the cabinet door.
A ''caulking gun'' dose syringe for dosing goats with Thibendazole
or other wormer paste should also be placed in that location.
A curved serrated scissors for use in removing extra teats should
also be hung nearby.
An electric clipper, such as that commonly used for grooming dogs,
plus at least one extra blade should be kept in its box on a shelf in
An open hoof groover at least 3/8 inch wide should be placed with
the clippers, speculum, tube and hoof shears. It will be useful for
cutting out excessive growth from foot soles and for removing foreign
bodies from soles of the feet.
The tattooing equipment and necessary numerals and ink for using it
should be placed on this shelf.
6) Medical Supplies
A half pound roll of absorbent cotton, several rolls of 1 inch
adhesive tape and a dozen 4 x 4 inch sterile gauze pads should be kept
together in a small carton on a shelf in the cupboard.
Several 10 ml glass hypodermic syringes should be sterilized by
boiling ten minutes and stored in a sterilized dry fruit jar on a
At least a half dozen 18 gauge 1 inch sterile hypodermic needles
should be kept in the fruit jar covered by their protective plastic
tips. These, of course, are used for various subcutaneous or
intramuscular hypodermic injections.
Liquid medicines necessary should be put together in one location:
An eight ounce bottle of 2Tincture of Iodine and a small baby food
jar with a cover should be placed together for use in disinfecting
navels of newborn kids.
Pint bottles of hydrogen peroxide and 70 0sopropyl alcohol, a four
ounce bottle of scarlet dressing or similar wound dressing
(Sulfa-Urea, etc.), and a four ounce bottle of astringent blue lotion
will be helpful for treating superficial wounds.
Dry medicinal powders, magnesium hydroxide (dry milk of magnesia,
epsom salts (magnesium sulfate) and baking soda (sodium bicarbonate)
should be kept in one pound boxes or jars and properly labelled.
1 quart bottle of heavy mineral oil and 1 quart bottle of propylene
glycol should be placed together on a shelf.
Coumaphos (Co-Ral), Methoxychlor, or Ciodrin for lice and mange
control and Captan wettable powder for ringworm treatment should be
kept on a bottom shelf in tightly sealed containers.
Any biologics kept for routine use should be kept by themselves
under refrigeration at all times. If they are administered carefully,
using sterile needles and syringes and their rubber caps wiped
thoroughtly with 70alcohol before removal of the biologic, they will
stay in usable condition until their expiration dates.
Routine biologics for herd health programs, administered by the
herdsman, should be kept in small ten dose vials.
Injectable antibiotics, such as penicillin-streptomycin
combinations, oxytetracycline (Terramycin), chlortetracycline
(Aureomycin), and tylosin (Tylan) should be stored under refrigeration
and handled when used in the same way as routine biologics.
The condition and kinds of biologics used should be decided in
consultation with your veterinarian. He can also advise about stocking
and storing other emergency medications.
10) Remember, the purpose of a medicine storage cabinet is not for
replacing the veterinarian, but for assisting him to help you. When you
hang a medicine cupboard on the wall, depend upon him to advise you
where and how to store things you may need.