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"First Aid Kit"

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USDA Rural Information Center

First Aid Kit

By: "Goat Handbook, United States, 1992"

  • About the Author
  • 1) A small tight cupboard hung on an inside wall of the goat barn makes an ideal location for storage of a few instruments, emergency medication, routine medication and first aid supplies. The cupboard should be placed high enough to be beyond the reach of small children and it should have good latches to keep it securely closed. First Aid Kit

    2) The purpose of a medicine cupboard or cabinet should not be for ''do it yourself'' veterinary medicine. Rather, it should be used with your veterinarian's approval and counsel to do routine things and emergency things in his absence.

    3) Talk over the following list of requirements with your veterinarian and resolve to keep your herd in top health condition. Experience with the medical problems peculiar to your herd will help both of you to be better prepared to do the best possible job of disease prevention and emergency medical care.

    4) Necessary supplies stored in your cabinet should include:

    5) Instruments
    A fifteen inch piece of 3/4 inch diameter pipe which can be used as a speculum for giving medication by mouth.

    A four foot long section of 1/2 inch rubber or plastic tubing for use as a stomach tube. This can be passed through the 3/4 inch pipe which is held in the mouth as far back as the rear molars. The stomach tube can be gently passed beyond it as the animal swallows. The speculum is a good means of holding the head steadily in a natural position.

    A small funnel can be used for pouring the medication into the tube.

    A good hoof shear for trimming feet (a Burdizzo hoof shear) should be hung on the wall or inside the cabinet door.

    A ''caulking gun'' dose syringe for dosing goats with Thibendazole or other wormer paste should also be placed in that location.

    A curved serrated scissors for use in removing extra teats should also be hung nearby.

    An electric clipper, such as that commonly used for grooming dogs, plus at least one extra blade should be kept in its box on a shelf in the cupboard.

    An open hoof groover at least 3/8 inch wide should be placed with the clippers, speculum, tube and hoof shears. It will be useful for cutting out excessive growth from foot soles and for removing foreign bodies from soles of the feet.

    The tattooing equipment and necessary numerals and ink for using it should be placed on this shelf.

    6) Medical Supplies
    A half pound roll of absorbent cotton, several rolls of 1 inch adhesive tape and a dozen 4 x 4 inch sterile gauze pads should be kept together in a small carton on a shelf in the cupboard.

    Several 10 ml glass hypodermic syringes should be sterilized by boiling ten minutes and stored in a sterilized dry fruit jar on a shelf.

    At least a half dozen 18 gauge 1 inch sterile hypodermic needles should be kept in the fruit jar covered by their protective plastic tips. These, of course, are used for various subcutaneous or intramuscular hypodermic injections.

    7) Medications
    Liquid medicines necessary should be put together in one location:

    An eight ounce bottle of 2Tincture of Iodine and a small baby food jar with a cover should be placed together for use in disinfecting navels of newborn kids.

    Pint bottles of hydrogen peroxide and 70 0sopropyl alcohol, a four ounce bottle of scarlet dressing or similar wound dressing (Sulfa-Urea, etc.), and a four ounce bottle of astringent blue lotion will be helpful for treating superficial wounds.

    Dry medicinal powders, magnesium hydroxide (dry milk of magnesia, epsom salts (magnesium sulfate) and baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) should be kept in one pound boxes or jars and properly labelled.

    1 quart bottle of heavy mineral oil and 1 quart bottle of propylene glycol should be placed together on a shelf.

    8) Pesticides
    Coumaphos (Co-Ral), Methoxychlor, or Ciodrin for lice and mange control and Captan wettable powder for ringworm treatment should be kept on a bottom shelf in tightly sealed containers.

    9) Biologics
    Any biologics kept for routine use should be kept by themselves under refrigeration at all times. If they are administered carefully, using sterile needles and syringes and their rubber caps wiped thoroughtly with 70alcohol before removal of the biologic, they will stay in usable condition until their expiration dates.

    Routine biologics for herd health programs, administered by the herdsman, should be kept in small ten dose vials.

    Injectable antibiotics, such as penicillin-streptomycin combinations, oxytetracycline (Terramycin), chlortetracycline (Aureomycin), and tylosin (Tylan) should be stored under refrigeration and handled when used in the same way as routine biologics.

    The condition and kinds of biologics used should be decided in consultation with your veterinarian. He can also advise about stocking and storing other emergency medications.

    10) Remember, the purpose of a medicine storage cabinet is not for replacing the veterinarian, but for assisting him to help you. When you hang a medicine cupboard on the wall, depend upon him to advise you where and how to store things you may need.

    Rated 3.7 by 22 responses.

    About the author: Extension Goat Handbook - This material was contributed from collections at the National Agricultural Library. However, users should direct all inquires about the contents to authors or originating agencies.
    D. L. Ace; Pennsylvania State U., University Park,
    S. B. Guss; Pennsylvania State U., Unversity Park.

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