Amber Waves Pygmy Goats

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"Feeding Goats for Improved Milk and Meat Production (Part 7)"

Amber Waves Pygmy Goats
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Feeding Goats for Improved Milk and Meat Production (Part 7)

By: George F. W. Haenlein
Cooperative Extension Dairy Specialist University of Delaware
Website: http://ag.udel.edu

  • About the Author
  • TABLE 1. Management efficiency from DHIA data of 120 goat herds in the NE-USA (1)
    1 2 3 4
    Milk yield/305 days, lb 1,130 1,543 1,803 2,310
    Fat, % 4.3 3.8 3.7 3.5
    Protein, % 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4
    Concentrates, lb 878 950 1,022 1,121
    Cost of concentrates, $ 83 91 98 109
    NE from concentrates, % 49 51 53 54
    Hay fed, lb 1,655 1,583 1,599 1,580
    Cost of feed, $ 141 147 155 178
    Cost of feed/100 lb milk, $ 4.25 6.84 6.94 6.77
    Income over feed cost, $ 183 262 302 395

    Cornell University, personal comm.;

    Data grouped by quartiles 1 - 4 about the mean.


    TABLE 2. Nutrient composition of some seeds for goats (% DM) (1)
    Sunflower seed Cotton seed Corn shelled Oats Soybeans roasted
    Minerals, % 3.3 5.2 1.4 3.4 5.4
    Crude fiber, % 31.0 21.4 2.4 12.2 5.9
    Fat, % 27.7 22.5 4.5 5.6 19.2
    Carbohydrates, % 20.1 27.0 80.8 56.2 26.3
    Crude protein, % 17.9 24.0 10.9 13.6 43.2
    TDN, % 82.0 95.0 93.0 77.0 93.0
    Dig. energy, Mcal/lb 1.63 1.72 1.86 1.48 1.85
    Met. energy, Mcal/lb 1.34 1.53 1.52 1.22 1.52
    Net energy, Mcal/lb .85 1.06 .98 .80 .98
    Calcium, % .18 .16 .04 .07 .28
    Phosphorus, % .56 .76 .30 .37 .66
    Potassium, % .71 1.22 .36 .44 1.77
    Iron, % .003 .016 .003 .009 .009
    Manganese, mg/kg 23.1 12.2 5.6 41.6 32.8

    (1) From Ensminger et al. 1990.


    TABLE 3. Nutrient intake by free range goats in Mexico (1)
    June August January April
    Organic matter, kg/d .984 1.267 .412 .495
    Calcium, g/day 9 21 11 10
    Magnesium, g/day 3 6 1 2
    Sodium, g/day 9 14 5 4
    Potassium, g/day 17 18 4 11
    Copper, mg/day 15 15 6 4
    Manganese, mg/day 61 64 37 52
    Iron, mg/day 466 535 267 471
    Zinc, mg/day 51 55 22 26

    (1) From Ramirez et al., 1991; body weight of goats 35 kg.

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