"Goats By Breed - Beetal"

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Beetal Goat - Click for larger image!
  • Distribution: Throughout the States of Punjab and Haryana. True-bred animals are however found in the districts of Gurdaspur, Amritsar and Ferozepur in Punjab.
  • Numbers: The total goat population in the Beetal distribution area, according to the 1972 livestock census, was 0.159 m, of which 0.014 m adult males and 0.084 m adult females. The goat population of Punjab has shown a marked decline. Surveys carried out by the Division of Dairy Cattle Genetics of the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) showed that both the number of flocks and the number of goats per flock have decreased, primarily owing to an ;increase in ;irrigated cultivated areas and the shortage of natural vegetation available for browsing. Beetal is a good dairy breed, second to Jamnapari in size but is superior to it in that it is more prolific and more easily adaptable to different agro-ecological conditions and to stall-feeding. Jamnapari is more sensitive.

  • Climate:

    Average monthly temperature (ºC)

    Average

    Range

    minimum

    17.3 5.8-27.1

    maximum

    31.9 20.2-41.2
    Average monthly relative humidity (%)

    morning

    66 37-83

    evening

    44 22-66
    Annual rainfall (cm) 70.4

  • Breed Characteristics:

    Adult males

    Adult females

    Body weight 59.07 34.97
    Body length 85. 70.42
    Height at withers  91.60 77.13
    Chest girth 86.0 73.7

  • Conformation: Large anima1s. Variab1e coat color, predominant1y black or brown with white spots of differing sizes. In a survey conducted by NDRI in the home tract of the breed, 92.6% animals were black and 7.4% brown. The coat is short and 1ustrous. The face 1ine is convex, with typical Roman nose but not as prominent as in Jamnapari. Ears are long and f1at, curled and drooping ear length: 24.8 t 0.65 cm (18) Both sexes have thick, medium-sized horns, carried horizontally with a slight twist directed backward and upward; horn length: 11.95 t 0.76 cm . Tail is small and thin. The udder is large and well developed, with large conical teats.
  • Flock structure: The average flock contains 21.06 + 1.92 individuals, of which 1.5 adult males, 11.7 adult females and 7.8 young.
  • Reproduction:

     

    Days

    Age at first kidding 761
    Kidding interval 368
    Service period 160
    Kidding percentage 176
    Litter size: (%)
    Singles 40.66
    Twins 52.6
    Triplets 6.52
    Quadruplets 0.22

  • Mortality %:

    Pre-weaning 25.4
    Adults 13.2

  • Breeding: Pure breeding. Breeding males are generally selected on the basis of their dam's milk yield. The services of a buck of a neighboring owner are commonly utilized when a flock does not possess a buck.
  • Performance:

    Milk

    Lactation yield 177.38 
    Lactation length 187.0 

    Meat Kg

    At birth 2.80
    At weaning 9.26
    6 months 12.18
    9 months 15.42
    12 months 21.83

    Hair

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    Reference:
    All information and photographs contained here are posted in conjunction and cooperation with Goats in India and Mrs. Farza Panhwar of Pakistan. For additional information, please visit the Goats in India web site or email Capra@iespana.es.

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